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Darśana-upaniṣad I

OM̐!

May my limbs, speech, breath, eye. ear, then strength and all the senses grow vigorous. All is brahman of the Upaniṣads. May I would not repudiate brahman. May brahman would not repudiate me. Let there be no forgetting, let there be no my forgetting. Let those virtues from Upaniṣads be in me – devoted one into ātman. Let them be in me.

OM̐

Peace, peace, peace.

  1. The Lord Dattātreya is the great yogin, creatures benefactor, Mahāviṣṇu – one with 4 arms – fully initiated into Yoga.
  2. His disciple, the best of ascetics named Sāṁkr̥ti, fully devoted and humble, with open hands united in reverence asked the guru in secret:
  3. O, Lord! reveals me closely the Yoga, the one divided into 8 (aṣṭāṅga) because I want to become liberated in life (jīvanmukta) only by this knowledge.
  4. Sāṁkr̥ti, listen! I will reveal the doctrine of Yoga consisting of 8 parts: external rules (yama), internal rules (niyama) and also posture (āsana),
  5. O, Brahman! Breath-exercises (prāṇāyāma) and afterwards, withdrawal of the senses (pratyāhāra) – o, sage! – concentration (dhāraṇā), meditation (dhyāna) and the eighth, contemplation (samādhi).
  6. The 10 yama are: non-violence (ahiṁsā), truth (satya), honesty (asteya), chastity (brahmacarya), compassion (dayā), right conduct (ārjava), patience (kṣamā), resolution (dhr̥ti), moderate food (mitāhāra) and cleanliness (śauca).
  7. O, Restrained one! Surely the way exposed in Vedas is the absence of violence – through mind (manas), word and deed – other way doesn’t exist.
  8. O, Saint! The notion that: “ātman is omnipresent, indivisible and intangible” – as has been described by connoisseurs of Vedānta – is non-violence.
  9. Lord of sages! What you hear, touch, see, taste or smell through the sense organs as ears, skin, eyes etc. – wise one! – their utterance is the Truth – only this is.
  10. “All that exists is the supreme brahman and there is no another” – this opinion, uttered by the accomplished connoisseurs of Vedānta, is the ultimate truth (satya).
  11. From straw, gemstone, gold, until the desire of the final liberation – full mental renunciation is known by the wise as asteya.
  12. “The absence of the common practice to deny the existence of ātman in self is asteya” – o, great saint! Thus is revealed by connoisseurs of ātman.
  13. Total avoidance of women in deed, word and thought, and even of his own wife during the menstrual period, is defined as chastity – great ascetic! Chastity is the mind undertaking into brahman’s being.
  14. “All beings to be treated in deed, word and thought as is treated own ātman”. This prescription is the compassion – so has been described by the connoisseurs of the Vedānta.
  15. The son, the wife, the friend, the opponent and one’s self always be one essence (ekarūpa). O, saint! Thus is described by me the right conduct (ārjava).
  16. When the yogin is cornered by enemies through action, word or thought, the extinction of intellect’s agitation is the patience (kṣamā). O, eminent sage!
  17. “Liberation from saṁsāra is only through the Veda” – resolution is the fulfillment of this knowledge – thus is taught by the Vedic connoisseurs; Or through the firmness of the mind in: “I am ātman and nothing else”.
  18. Must eat a little and clean so the fourth part remain – this is moderate eating according to the Yoga tradition.
  19. O, great sage! Removing the impurities of the own body using earth and water – is the cleanliness (śauca) considered by the wise to be external the mind. Inner cleanliness revealed by the teachers is the realization of “I am pure”.
  20. The body is extremely impure and the embodied is extremely pure, being both known from within, then who’s assigned the cleanliness?
  21. That man who, abandoning knowledge’s purity, enjoys the external purity – o, too virtuous! – he is an ignorant because, discarding gold, chooses the rust.
  22. The yogin who has carried out the duties and is satisfied with ambrosia the knowledge has nothing left to perform; if he still has then is not the knower of the true nature.
  23. For those who know the ātman there is nothing to be done in the 3 worlds. O, sage! Therefore strive, through the practice of non-violence etc., to get wisdom through which to know the ātman as being always the same brahman.

Thus was the first part of Darśana-upaniad