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Darśana-upaniṣad II

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  1. Ascesis (tapas), contentment (saṁtoṣa), belief in God (āstikya), dedication (dāna), worship of Lord (īśvara-pūjana), learning the doctrine (siddhānta-śravaṇa), modesty (hrī), faith (mati), prayer (japa) and commitment (vrata) – these are the declared niyamas. Listen! I will say these in turn:
  2. Through the methods described in the Vedas as kr̥cchra, cāndrāyana etc. is achieved bodily mortification (tapas) – thus is presented by the wise.
  3. “What is mokṣa?”, “How and by whom is conquered saṁtoṣa?” – thus declare the scholars reflecting on the meanings of the word tapas.
  4. That satisfaction of people appearing regularly from what get in spontaneously is this saṁtoṣa – thus know the scholars who rely solely on experience.
  5. That pleasant state, free of passion, obtained until the realization of the brahman. O, wise one! one whose attachment disappeared completely – this is the ultimate saṁtoṣa.
  6. The faith in śruti and smr̥ti is called belief in God (āstikya).
  7. Giving with respect (śraddhā) the wealth obtained rightly, or anything else, to a man connoisseur in the Vedas when he needs it is declared by me as dāna.
  8. Worship the Lord (īśvara-pūjana) is the heart (mind) free of passion etc., the word not vitiated by lie etc. and the action deprived of violence etc.
  9. Truth, higher knowledge, infinite, supreme bliss, final, unchangeable and within – these are known by the wise as the learning the doctrine (siddhānta-śravaṇa).
  10. When is about to do a blamable act, according to the sacred and profane customs, the shame that appears is called modesty (hrī).
  11. Mati is the firm belief in those prescribed by the Vedas, without any connection with other teachings, even if they were given by a guru.
  12. Japa is mentioned as the practice of mantra in the manner prescribed by the Vedas. Thus in Kalpasutras, VedasDharmaśāstras, Purāṇas
  13. And Itihāsas is that practice of japa described by me. Japa is described as being of two kinds: verbal (vācika) and mental (manasa).
  14. Vācika is said to be of two types: murmured and loudly. The dual nature of the mind is due to the difference between thinking (manana) and meditation (dhyāna).
  15. Murmured japa is a thousand times more effective than said out loud; mental japa is a thousand times more effective than the murmured one.
  16. Loudly japa gives, as stated, fulfillment. But if the murmured mantra is heard by a foreign ear then becomes ineffective. [Through the vow (vrata) obtaines initiation (dikṣa); through the initiation (dikṣa) obtaines grace (dakṣiṇa); through the grace (dakṣiṇa) obtaines faith (śraddhā); through faith (śraddhā) obtaines the Truth (satya).]

Thus was the second part of Darśana-upaniṣad

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