- Ascesis (tapas), contentment (saṁtoṣa), belief in God (āstikya), dedication (dāna), worship of Lord (īśvara-pūjana), learning the doctrine (siddhānta-śravaṇa), modesty (hrī), faith (mati), prayer (japa) and commitment (vrata) – these are the declared niyamas. Listen! I will say these in turn:
- Through the methods described in the Vedas as kr̥cchra, cāndrāyana etc. is achieved bodily mortification (tapas) – thus is presented by the wise.
- “What is mokṣa?”, “How and by whom is conquered saṁtoṣa?” – thus declare the scholars reflecting on the meanings of the word tapas.
- That satisfaction of people appearing regularly from what get in spontaneously is this saṁtoṣa – thus know the scholars who rely solely on experience.
- That pleasant state, free of passion, obtained until the realization of the brahman. O, wise one! one whose attachment disappeared completely – this is the ultimate saṁtoṣa.
- The faith in śruti and smr̥ti is called belief in God (āstikya).
- Giving with respect (śraddhā) the wealth obtained rightly, or anything else, to a man connoisseur in the Vedas when he needs it is declared by me as dāna.
- Worship the Lord (īśvara-pūjana) is the heart (mind) free of passion etc., the word not vitiated by lie etc. and the action deprived of violence etc.
- Truth, higher knowledge, infinite, supreme bliss, final, unchangeable and within – these are known by the wise as the learning the doctrine (siddhānta-śravaṇa).
- When is about to do a blamable act, according to the sacred and profane customs, the shame that appears is called modesty (hrī).
- Mati is the firm belief in those prescribed by the Vedas, without any connection with other teachings, even if they were given by a guru.
- Japa is mentioned as the practice of mantra in the manner prescribed by the Vedas. Thus in Kalpasutras, Vedas, Dharmaśāstras, Purāṇas
- And Itihāsas is that practice of japa described by me. Japa is described as being of two kinds: verbal (vācika) and mental (manasa).
- Vācika is said to be of two types: murmured and loudly. The dual nature of the mind is due to the difference between thinking (manana) and meditation (dhyāna).
- Murmured japa is a thousand times more effective than said out loud; mental japa is a thousand times more effective than the murmured one.
- Loudly japa gives, as stated, fulfillment. But if the murmured mantra is heard by a foreign ear then becomes ineffective. [Through the vow (vrata) obtaines initiation (dikṣa); through the initiation (dikṣa) obtaines grace (dakṣiṇa); through the grace (dakṣiṇa) obtaines faith (śraddhā); through faith (śraddhā) obtaines the Truth (satya).]